Atlas AC Repair, LLC

HVAC replacement cost guide in 2021

A HVAC replacement cost the costs the average homeowner $5,300 to $7,800.

What Exactly is a HVAC System?

HVAC stands for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.

The furnace / air handler is the equipment used to heat heat your home along with pushing air through your vents.

The ventilation, also know as ductwork, is responsible for evenly disturbed the air through your home so the temperature stays consistent.

The outdoor AC unit / condenser is  the peace of equipment the is responsible for creating cool air for your home.

How Much Does A HVAC Replacement Cost?

A HVAC replacement cost for the average homeowner will be around $4,900 to $7,000 to replace the indoor furnace and the outdoor AC unit. This chart represents a basic HVAC replacement cost, it does not include replacing the ductwork. 

HVAC System Tonnage
Electric System Average Replacement Cost
Heat Pump HVAC System Replacement Cost
Gas System Average Replacement Cost
2 Ton 14 Seer
$5,300
$5,600
$6,200
2.5 Ton 14 Seer
$5,400
$5,800
$6,500
3 Ton 14 Seer
$5,500
$5,800
$6,900
3.5 Ton 14 Seer
$5,800
$6,000
$7,250
4 Ton 14 Seer
$6,200
$6,300
$7,400
5 Ton 14 Seer
$6,300
$6,700
$7,800

What should be included in new HVAC installation?

Remove and install a new outdoor AC unit and indoor furnace.
  • Removal & disposal of current AC unit and furnace. 
  • Installation of new AC unit and furnace to city code. 
  • Installation of heat kit elements, disconnect & whip, proper max circuit protection fuses, safety float switches, locking caps, plenum transitions, drain line, reconnection & line set flush to accommodate new refrigerant. Complete city permit & city inspection.
  • 10 year parts warranty & 1 year labor warranty
Carrier ac system

What is the deference between an Electric, Heat pump and gas HVAC?

The differences in-between these 3 system types largely has to do with with the furnace and how it heats your home.

Electric HVAC System

  • An electric HVAC heats differently from a heat pump and gas systems. Electric is your most budget friendly option but is also your most energy inefficient solution. The cost to replace an electric HVAC will save you a few hundred dollars over the other system types. Electric systems uses heat strips inside the furnace that uses electricity to get them hot. From there the air is blown over these heat strip warming the air, then distributed through your home. Most people will uses these HVAC systems for rental properties or if they are planning move in the future. It is not ideal for northern states that have long winters due to it’s inefficiency or homeowner that plan on living in there home for more that 7 years. 

Heat Pump HVAC system

  •  What make a HVAC heat pump different is it uses the outside AC unit to cool and heat you home. The cost of a HVAC heat pump is a few hundred dollars more that electric system but you will definitely make that back in energy savings. This system is arguably the most efficient system out of the 3 options. It uses the AC unit to convert the outdoor ambient temperature into heat. This process is using the outdoor air to make heat instead of using electricity or gas. This is why it is so efficient. HVAC heat pump are ideal for homeowner planning to live in their home for many years. Where heat pump under perform is up north. Since it uses the outdoor air to create heat, once temperatures drop below minis -10 degrees it starts struggling to keep up.

Gas HVAC system

  • A gas HVAC system uses combustion in the furnace to create the heat. The cost of a gas HVAC system has the highest price because all of the safety measure that have to be put in place to prevent carbon monoxide poisonings. Many people believe this system delivers superior quality of heating over the other 2 system types. A gas system is ideal for the northern states and areas that provide access to inexpensive gas. The only down side to the system is the cost is high because all the extra safety measure the must be take to keep the homeowner safe.

What Is The Install Cost Of A HVAC System Per Region?

The price difference for a new HVAC replacement can vary as much as $1,000 depending on where you are located in the US.

Map of USA deviled up in HVAC regions

The temperature and humidity difference between each region in the US can change the size and type of HVAC system available to you. If you are in the southeaster states, you are going to need a lot bigger air conditioning unit to handle the heat over what is needed up north. The southwester states need a specialized air handler to add moister back in the air because of the dry climate. The northern states require huge furnaces to handle the long cold winters.

They type of heating and cooling system can change depending on the region you live in.

  • The most common HVAC used in the southeastern states is heat pump heating and cooling system. A heat pump HVAC system is the most efficient way to heat your home for this region. A straight electric and gas system can be used in this area. A gas system is going to cost the most. An electric system is going to cost the least but is the most energy inefficient. A heat pump is in the middle of the road in cost but is going to deliver the most in savings.
  • The southwestern states have a dry climate that has to be taken into consideration. The lack of moisture in the air makes it difficult to property cool and heat a home. In this area, there are special furnaces that are made to help add moister back into the air.
  • The northern states typically use a gas or oil furnace with with a straight electric AC unit. A heat pump HVAC system doesn’t work well up north because it uses the outdoor ambient temperature to create heat. The winters are cold and long making a heat pump not a good fit. An electric HVAC system is to inefficient to use up north leave only a gas or oil furnace with a straight electric AC unit.

Average HVAC replacement cost pre region

HVAC System Tonnage
Southeaster Average HVAC Replacement Cost
Southwester Average HVAC Replacement Cost
Norther Average HVAC Replacement Cost
2 Ton 14 Seer
$5,600
$5,600
$6,200
2.5 Ton 14 Seer
$5,800
$5,800
$6,500
3 Ton 14 Seer
$5,800
$5,800
$6,900
3.5 Ton 14 Seer
$6,000
$6,000
$7,250
4 Ton 14 Seer
$6,300
$6,300
$7,400
5 Ton 14 Seer
$6,700
$6,700
$7,800

Load calculations are what drive the size of the furnace and AC unit you need for your home. Some of the calculations take into consideration are size of your home, ceiling height, and how well insulation your home is. These variables help to determine the size of heating and cooling you need for you home. The next set of variables that are looked at is the outdoor to indoor temperature splits. The temperature splits in southern states are going to going to be around 20 degrees in the summer and 30 degrees in the winter. For example, if temperatures reach up to 95 degrees, the AC will keep inside your home at 75 degrees. In northern states on a 15 degree split is needed for the summer but a 55 degree split is needed for the winter. For this reason southern states need much larger AC units but smaller furnace that what is required up north. The big difference in cost largely come from the technology needed pre region of the US. Southeastern states can use a heat pump to heat or cool a home but up north a gas or oil furnace is required. A gas and oil furnace cost more that a heat pump, largely do to the increase in safety features required. 

The Right HVAC system for the right application

As we know there is so such thing as a 1 size fits all. There are couple different options that available to you, whether you are looking for the most budget friendly to the most energy efficient HVAC. The heating and cooling quality can also vary depending on the system type you use. 

Heat Pump HVAC

  •  A heat pump is one of the most ideal options for southern states in the US. There is a few reason a heat pump works so well in the south. One reason biggest reasons is a heat pump uses a chemical reaction to create heat. The outdoor AC unit uses the freon to both cool and heat your home. This is very different for the other HVAC systems that have to use combustion or electricity to heat your home. Since a heat pump does not use combustion or electricity to heat you home, but a chemical reaction, it is the most energy efficient HVAC available. Another positive is the cost of an HVAC replacement is almost the same as an electric system and is much cheaper than a gas HVAC. The downside to a heat pump HVAC is it doesn’t work well up north. Since it has to extract heat from the outdoor ambient temperature, at some point it gets to cold to pull heat from the air. Another small issue is the live expectance isn’t quite as long as the other HVAC system types. This is due to it runs all year around for both summer and winter. The gas and electric system only use the outdoor AC unit in the summer and the furnace in the winter. I would expect to get around 15 years with a heat pump and a few years longer for the others. The HVAC replacement cost is good and the energy efficiency is also great making this one of your best options for the southern US.
Gas HVAC
  • A gas HVAC arguably delivers the highest quality of heating for your home. The HVAC replacement cost for a gas system is the highest out of the three system types. The increase in cost is largely due to the amount of safety precautions that have to be met when a gas HVAC is replaced. Since it uses combustion to warm your home, the by-product it produces is carbon monoxide. There are a lot of safety perimeters that must be met in order to safely get the carbon monoxide out of your home. Overall, this is one for your best options for the northern states. A heat pump can’t preform in the cold weather and an electric furnace is too inefficient for the long winters. A gas system might be the most expensive option but it is your best option for up north.

Electric HVAC

  • An electric HVAC is going to be your most budget friendly option but it’s the most inefficient way to warm you home. Generally, an electric HVAC system is not recommended that often but there are a few application where it makes since to use. If your are going to live in your home fewer than 5 years this might be a good replacement option. Another instance where it makes since is for rental properties. Most tenants don’t change the filters that often or properly take care of the HVAC. This leads to HVAC systems to fail 5 to 10 years sooner that it normally would. In this scenario, where you are not paying for the electricity and the equipment is being used and abused, your best option is the low cost electric replacement.
 

What is the Most Cost Effective HVAC Brand?

The cost of a HVAC replacement can vary depending on brand. There can be around a $2,000 difference in the replacement cost base on which brand you go with.

3 Ton 14 Seer AC unit & Furnace Replacement cost

Air Conditioner Brands
Electric HVAC System
Heat Pump HVAC System
Gas HVAC System
Lennox HVAC Replacement Cost
$5,900
$6,100
$7,500
American Standard HVAC Replacement Cost
$5,800
$6,000
$7,300
Carrier HVAC Replacement Cost
$5,500
$5,700
$6,900
Trane HVAC Replacement Cost
$5,500
$5,700
$6,900
Ruud HVAC Replacement Cost
$5,500
$5,700
$6,900
Rheem HVAC Replacement Cost
$5,400
$5,600
$6,700
Bryant HVAC Replacement Cost
$5,300
$5,500
$6,600
Amana HVAC Replacement Cost
$5,200
$5,400
$6,600
HEIL HVAC Replacement Cost
$5,150
$5,300
$6,500
Payne HVAC Replacement Cost
$5,100
$5,250
$6,400
York HVAC Replacement Cost
$5,000
$5,200
$6,300
Goodman HVAC Replacement Cost
$4,900
$5,150
$6,300

Each HVAC company has different price model.

  • Just a quick disclaimer, take the above pricing with a grain of salt. Your cost for a replacement is going to change based on where you are located in the US to your local city requirements. However, the biggest cost difference is going to come from the company you work with. Some HVAC companies spend huge amounts of money on marketing and salesmen. It is normal for a air conditioning company to spend 20% of the replacement cost on marketing by the time the sell is closed. Also, they need a salesman to close that sale with cost another 10%. That’s right, many companies will 30% on something that has no direct benefit to the customer. If you are working with a company that is 30% higher than these prices, I would recommend calling a few more companies until the pricing is more inline with fair industry rates.

The purchasing power of an air conditioning company matters.

  • If you have a very specific brand in mind, not all HVAC company will be able to give you competitive rates. For example, take a company like ours, Atlas AC Repair, we primary use Carrier for our replacements. Since we do so much volume through Carrier we get special pricing that gets past down to the customer. We simply can be as completive using another brand. If you want a Trane air conditioning system, we would have to charge an extra $750 over our Carrier price. We don’t do enough volume with Trane to be able to give you the best price. If you are after a certain brand, it would be best to ask the contractor what their primary brand is. If it lines up with what you are looking for, depending on the company, you would be able to get the best price for that brand.

How Much Does High Efficiency HVAC Cost?

There is a huge cost difference for high efficiency. A 3 Ton 14 Seer Gas HVAC installed cost $6,200 while a 22 Seer AC unit cost $15,000.

AC Unit Tonnage
14 Seer 1 Stage
15 Seer 1 Stage
16 Seer 2 Stage
17.5 Seer 5 Speed
22 Seer Variable Speed
2 Ton Gas Replacement
$6,200
$6,300
$8,300
$10,200
$14,000
3 Ton Gas Replacement
$6,900
$7,000
$8,700
$11,300
$14,500
4 Ton Gas Replacement
$7,400
$7,500
$9,600
$12,100
$14,800
5 Ton Gas Replacement
$7,800
$7,900
$10,200
$12,200
$15,000

What is the Difference In a 1 stage Vs. multi stage air conditioner?

The number of stages you have on your HVAC has a big impact on temperature consistency, humidity, and energy use. The more stages you have, the more control you have for the air quality in your home.

Single Stage Delivers Little Control

  • A single stage HVAC has only one setting, it’s either on or off, there is no in-between. What this mean is when it’s time to warm or cool your home turns on at 100% until the desired temperature is met. This is a good thing right? Not quite, by operating at 100% this creates a few problem that a multi stage HVAC can fix.
  • A single stage HVAC creates a short cycle time because it’s running all out. The on/off cycle time can create hot and cool spots throughout your home. So some areas of your home be cool while other areas can be warm. A multi stage HVAC can play a part in fixing this problem.
  • There is also another problem that we run into, humidity. If you live in an area with high humidity, a lot of time a single stage HVAC doesn’t run long enough to balance out the humidity in your home.  This is bad news if you have art or expensive furniture. A single stage HVAC replacement is always going to cost the least amount of money but isn’t always the best solution.
Single Stage AC unit

2 Stage Delivers Some Control

2 stage AC unit
  • A two stage central air conditioner and heater has to operating speeds. Most of the time the first stage operates around 65% of it’s compacity. The second stage operates at 100%. If there is not a lot of demand on the HVAC it will use the first stage to heat and cool your home. However, if it’s really hot or cold outside were the first stage is no longer keeping up, it move to stage 2. At that point the desired temperature is met. A 2 stage HVAC has a much longer run time, which in turn better controls the humidity in your home. It also helps to even out the temperatures throughout your home. The extra cost for a 2 stage HVAC replacement is worth considering if you own a 2 story home or looking to protecting your valuables

Variable Speed Delivers Total Control

  • 5 Speed and Variable speed HVAC operate at multiple different outputs. These are designed to run all the time at the lowest speed. Once the lowest speed can satisfy the indoor temperature, it moves to the next stages until it hits temperature then starts stepping back down through the stages. It can control your houses temperature within 1 degree. Because it runs for a long time on the lowest stages you can set the humidity at your desired levels. The increase in cost for a variable speed HVAC replacement is worth considering if you have a large home with high ceilings and lots of rooms. These systems will also protect your artwork and expensive furniture along with keeping your electric bill low. 
Green speed AC unit

Share:

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest
Share on linkedin